The term “ikat” is an Indonesian word. This resist-dyeing and weaving technique evolved independently, and often simultaneously, in several regions around the world, including Indonesia, Japan, Guatemala and Central Asia. In Uzbekistan, the technique is referred to as “abrband,” which literally means “tying a cloud.” Today, the center of ikat weaving in Central Asia is located in Margilan, Uzbekistan, located in the Fergana region of eastern Uzbekistan. Customers from around the region all buy the highly-prized silk ikats from Margilan. Ikat weaving is also be revived to a lesser extent in neighboring Tajikistan, though the Tajik weavers are primarily working with 100% cotton.

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